Contraindications for varicose veins

Contraindications for varicose veins

Varicose veins are not just a cosmetic problem, they are a pathology "famous" for its complications. If you adhere to the contraindications for varicose veins, there is a chance to stop the development of the disease and avoid complications. The restrictions affect not only sports, but also food, bathing, the choice of shoes and the duration of the trip.

Exercise with varicose veins

Phlebologists do not recommend to stop exercising. In fact, venous disease often occurs precisely because of a hypodynamic lifestyle, in which blood becomes stagnant in the limbs. Sports with varicose veins are quite possible, but you need to choose the ideal physical activity.

Activities to prioritize:

  • Swimming.The movement in the water promotes the flow of venous blood from the affected vessels, strengthens the muscles and the venous walls. The load on the legs is minimal. The water massages the skin, making it firmer and more elastic.
  • Nordic walking or walking on a treadmill.If you regularly walk 1 to 2 kilometers, the chance of developing varicose veins is minimal. Walking reduces the pressure in the veins, the muscles contract and the blood circulates better.
  • Elliptical trainer or ski training. It is worth exercising with great care, avoiding overloads. Too fast exercise can prevent venous drainage from the extremities.
  • Yoga.Preference should be given to stretching asanas, reversed postures with legs raised. Exercises that constrict blood vessels should be avoided.

Fitness classes are also suitable, but it is necessary to choose light programs and without energy loads - with varicose veins, you cannot lift a weight greater than 3 kg. Fitness can even be beneficial if the exercises are selected by a doctor and performed at the gym under the supervision of a trainer.

Sports that are contraindicated for varicose veins: weight lifting, long running, marathon, aerobics, martial arts, Irish and African dances, where there is a lot of jumping, skipping rope.

Limitations in nutrition for varicose veins

If varicose veins are diagnosed, the presence of excess body weight is highly undesirable, as the load on the legs increases. Fat deposits also decrease blood circulation in the veins. To prevent overweight or achieve weight loss, dietary restrictions are necessary. Restrictions will also help to strengthen blood vessels, relieve edema and prevent disease progression.

Products not recommended

Foods and drinks that are not recommended for varicose veins:

  • Refrigerant.It contains no nutrients, but there is an excess of carbon dioxide that damages the veins. Therefore, it is better to replace the soda with green tea or herbal infusions.
  • Alcohol and caffeinated drinks.These drinks dilate blood vessels, which is very dangerous for varicose veins.
  • Cakes, cakes and pastries with butter creams.These foods contain a lot of fats and sugars that are harmful to health, which causes obesity.
  • Fried and fatty foodscause high levels of cholesterol in the blood, plaque formation and clogged veins.

Nuts, fruits and berries, lean meat and, conversely, fatty fish, beans, buckwheat and oats, pumpkin, cucumber and tomatoes help to strengthen the blood vessel walls. Strong vessels do not react as sharply to changes in blood pressure as in the case of thin vascular walls. The vascular healing process will be aided by bioflavonoids, which are saturated with seaweed.

In the case of varicose veins, it is very important to maintain the normal functioning of the intestines, since, due to impaired venous flow, the risk of constipation increases. Especially if varicose veins of the small pelvis are diagnosed.

For the prevention and treatment of constipation, a patient with varicose veins needs to ingest more fiber, drink plenty of fluids and monitor a balanced diet and food intake. Meals should be divided, five to six times a day, into small portions. Breakfast should be moderately nutritious, saturated with carbohydrates and proteins. The last meal should be taken no later than four hours before bedtime. Drinking with food is not worth it, water dilutes gastric juice. If there have been delays in the stools, it is necessary to fight them by all means, avoiding the development of hemorrhoids and the appearance of hemorrhoids.

Proper nutrition

Bath and sauna for varicose veins

People suffering from varicose veins are strictly prohibited from visiting the bathroom or the sauna. At high temperatures, the vessels expand, the blood volume increases several times and, consequently, the load in each vein also increases. The sore veins have rigid and inelastic walls and are unable to resist such an attack.

Consequences after going to the bath that people with varicose veins may have: cramps, muscle pain, blood congestion, fluid imbalance, thrombophlebitis, which can progress to thrombosis; the appearance of trophic ulcers, heaviness in the legs. More dilated veins may appear in the body.

The restriction affects visits to the solarium and prolonged exposure to the sun. In general, everything related to leg heating should be avoided.

Limitations in the choice of footwear for varicose veins of the lower limbs

If the disease is in the early stages, the use of heels is allowed only on special occasions, limiting the height to no more than four centimeters. But if the pathology is neglected, then there can be no doubt about any shoes with heels.

If your legs constantly hurt, wearing clogs, flip flops, slippers is also contraindicated, because they do not fix the ankle and subject the foot to chronic stress. As a result, the legs are in constant tension, which is very damaging to varicose veins.

Ballerinas, espadrilles and sneakers are also not the best option, as wearing these shoes can also cause flat feet. It is better to invest in orthopedic insoles in shoes or to buy special orthopedic shoes. Today, manufacturers offer different types of these products - from shoes to winter boots.

Choice of shoes

Long trips and flights with varicose veins

If possible, if you have varicose veins, you should avoid long trips by car or bus, or by plane. In fact, in this case, you will have to sit for several hours. As a result, the legs swell, the blood stagnates and the condition worsens. Hydrodynamic charges during flights, in turn, can cause the appearance of blood clots.

If, however, it was not possible to avoid a trip or flight, then you must adhere to some simple rules to alleviate the condition:

  • drink more fluids;
  • make periodic movements with your legs to avoid blood stagnation;
  • walking periodically in the cabin of an airplane or bus, if possible;
  • make regular stops and walk a few minutes if it's a car trip;
  • make sure (! ) to wear compression underwear before your trip.

Why varicose veins are dangerous

If a person suffers from varicose veins, it affects all organs and systems. The pressure in the veins can equal the pressure in the capillaries, which will lead to a decrease in blood flow to the organs and hypoxia.

If the blood is stagnant in the veins for a long time, toxic metabolic products accumulate in the tissues and micronutrients are formed. What other complications can be with varicose veins:

  • Trophic ulcers.Wounds that do not heal appear on the legs due to a lack of oxygen caused by a lack of blood circulation to the tissues.
  • Thrombophlebitis and thrombosis.These complications occur in 20% of cases of varicose veins. If you do not deal with the treatment of the condition, the probability of blood clots in the venous lumen increases.
  • Phlebitis of the lower extremities.The venous wall becomes inflamed, the patient feels chills, weakness, there is an increase in body temperature. If you fail to respond to the complication in time with adequate therapy, it can progress to thrombophlebitis.
  • Varicose veins of the uterus.Pregnant women with varicose veins in their legs are the most susceptible to this disease. This pathology poses a real threat to the baby, since the mother's blood flow to the fetus is interrupted, which can cause premature birth or the death of an unborn child.
Why varicose veins are dangerous

In the context of the varicose veins of the extremities, varicose veins of the hemorrhoidal veins may appear. Sometimes the patient develops venous insufficiency, which makes any movement difficult and painful, leading to numbness in the limbs. If a blood clot forms in a diseased vein, it can cause a heart attack. The risk group for this is dominated by men.

What should be done to prevent the development of such dangerous complications? It is essential to comply with the contraindications for varicose veins, consult the doctor regularly, exercise moderately and control the diet. Tight shoes, synthetic and uncomfortable clothes cannot be worn. It is essential to purchase high quality compression underwear, using creams and venotonic tonics. The consequences of varicose veins are sometimes much worse than the disease itself, so it is worth keeping the pathology under strict control.