Varicose veins are considered one of the diseases of our time. Its development is caused by lack of physical mobility, excess body weight. Circulatory disorders are more noticeable in the legs, because they are under a lot of stress. Medicine seeks to find effective ways to get rid of the disease, offers treatment for varicose veins without surgery, several methods of prevention are used.
Non-surgical methods of treating varicose veins
Often, sinuous and protruding veins in the legs are found in women. It is important not to start this process, to start treatment in a timely manner. Patients often worry that varicose veins can be cured without surgery. Medicine has methods that help to get rid of problems quickly and reliably.
Methods of non-surgical treatment of varicose veins:
- laser coagulation;
- radiofrequency ablation.
In venous sclerotherapy, a special solution is injected into the injured area of the vessels. It glues your walls and then gradually dissolves. A pressure bandage is applied at the injection site. The patient must walk for an hour to obtain a positive result from the procedure.
Laser venous coagulation is considered an effective method for treating varicose veins, always leading to the expected results. The blood gets very hot with a laser. It damages the internal walls of blood vessels with its temperature.
As a result, a thrombus is formed, which is then covered with connective tissue. A year later, a kind of cord of connecting cells forms at this location. The blood will begin to flow through other vessels.
During radiofrequency ablation, the damaged area is exposed to an electrical current with a frequency of 300 to 750 kHz. A catheter is placed in the diseased vein to supply current.
The ships are heated up to 120 ° С and are then destroyed. The load is distributed to other veins in the circulatory system. Methods of treating varicose veins without surgery will be most effective if they are used in the early stages of pathology.
Venous vasodilation is not easy to cure. To do this, you need to change your lifestyle and apply various forms of medication. The vessels in the legs are located deep in the muscles and closest to the surface. They need to be treated in a number of ways.
For superficial veins, creams, gels are suitable, they must be used regularly together with special physical exercises, self-massage. To get rid of the varicose veins in the deep veins, you will need to use medications.
Phlebotonics will be the main drugs. They increase the tone of muscle tissue, vascular valves. Medicines are prescribed by a vascular specialist - phlebologist.
Self-medication is not allowed. The use of medication must be combined with the use of compression garments.
Positive aspects of medication use:
- will not form blood clots;
- the weight on the legs will decrease;
- the legs will stop swelling;
- the condition of the blood vessels will improve;
- accelerates the flow of blood and lymph;
- the inflammatory process in the lower extremities will decrease.
Getting a positive effect will take a long time, it will take several months to use drugs, creams and ointments. They will affect the general condition, but will not be able to eliminate tortuosity and vasodilation. The leg veins will remain visible.
The treatment of varicose veins with folk remedies will not have an impressive result, but, as a supplement, these treatment methods will be beneficial. The use of herbal products and raw materials with tanning properties helps to keep muscles and blood vessels in good shape.
A popular remedy for diseases of the veins is apple cider vinegar. They rub their legs, apply them in compresses. It is important to remember that any rubbing or massage should be done on the legs with movements from the bottom up.
This type of disease is treated according to the recipes of traditional medicine with the aid of horse chestnut. Ointment with extract of this plant is sold in the pharmacy. Apply the product in the form of hot compresses. It is essential to observe the temperature regime. A hot compress will only damage damaged vessels.
Blue clay (available at the pharmacy) is an effective remedy. It is mixed with water in such a way that it can form a thin layer on the leg and not run.
For the best effect, blue clay should be used consistently.
It should be applied to the affected area and left for the time recommended by the doctor - from 40 minutes to 3 hours. Blue clay works like a compression garment.
It is useful to make yogurt lotions with absinthe on the sore leg. Sprigs of young absinthe (2 large spoons) should be chopped and mixed with yogurt (200 ml). Moisten the gauze with this mixture, apply to the affected area of the blood vessels. Hold for 30 minutes.
Traditional medicine is very mild in helping to control severe vein damage on its own. They are able to give a positive result in the initial stage of the development of the pathology.
It is best to use them as a preventive measure. It is a good complement to the main treatment. Before using them, you should consult your doctor about the suitability of use.
Leech treatment is considered one of the methods of treating varicose veins. It is possible to get rid of this way, the specialist will decide. It depends on the stage of the disease, the condition of the blood vessels. When sucking blood, leeches inject a special substance that thins the blood and prevents the formation of blood clots.
Has a positive effect on the state of the veins, removes the accumulated blood in the lower extremities, prevents their stagnation. All of this improves the condition of the patient, but does not address the causes of the disease.
The use of hirudotherapy can be called a prophylactic agent. It should be used regularly by people with a tendency to develop varicose veins, who are overweight and lead an inactive lifestyle.
Physiotherapy and massage therapy
Physiotherapy occupies a special place among treatment methods without the aid of surgery. It does not carry a large load on the body, has great efficiency, acts selectively and successfully relieves the symptoms of venous expansion.
- ; amplipulse therapy
- diadynamic therapy; barotherapy;
- low frequency magnetotherapy.
Electrophoresis is the introduction of vegan drugs under the skin using an electric current. This helps to reduce swelling, improve blood flow through the vessels. The procedure is effective, it helps well in the different stages of the disease.
The procedure of amplipulous therapy is similar to electrophoresis, only the effect occurs with a low current. As a result, there is a decrease in inflammation in the vessels, the damaged areas are restored, providing them with nutrition. Swelling and pain are relieved.
Diadynamic therapy is a pulsed effect of currents of different frequencies. In addition, it improves the condition of blood vessels, relieves pain and swelling. The barotherapy method is based on alternating high and low pressure.
This difference improves blood circulation, increases metabolic processes, deep and superficial vessels are saturated with oxygen.
In low frequency magnetotherapy, the affected leg is placed between two magnetic plates in a special chamber. During the course of treatment, the affected area receives improved nutrition, the blood supply increases, the condition of the venous walls and valves improves.
Therapeutic massage for varicose veins can bring results if done correctly. You can perform the whirlpool independently using an ordinary shower.
It is important to remember that it is not possible to heat the affected areas, the water must be warm. The shower jets must be directed under high pressure, but do not massage the protruding veins, affecting the surrounding areas. This will connect them to compensate for blood circulation.
The hydromassage should be started by the feet, gradually increasing. Finish in the belly. If a leg is more damaged, it should be massaged less.
When doing a self-massage with your hands, you should not make strong pressure movements, especially in the area of the superficial vessels. It is better to refuse the honey massage, it must be done with good coagulability and strong vessels. In the varicose veins, it is prohibited to work in the affected areas with massagers with vibrating nozzles.
Exercise and diet
Since it is not easy to recover from varicose veins without surgery, it is necessary to get rid of the main causes of this disease - lack of movement and excess weight. Physical exercises aimed at strengthening blood vessels, increasing the muscle tone of the lower limbs should be performed daily.
This is the only way to achieve a lasting effect. This should be done not in the last phase of the pathology, but for the purpose of prevention for those who sit for a long time, like to eat a lot in the afternoon. These are potential victims of venous vasodilation.
Walking is good for ships. She should receive at least 40 minutes a day. But, for the effect to be effective, it must be done at a pace, with acceleration, with a high lift of the leg or hip. A simple lazy walk will not work. "Bicycle", "birch", "scissors" exercises are necessary.
Their implementation should be calculated according to their capabilities. It is useful to lie with your legs elevated above your head for up to 30 minutes. With these exercises regularly performed, you won't have to think about how to remove damaged vessels.
Since it takes a long time to get rid of varicose veins in the legs without surgery, dietary restrictions should become the basis of food intake.
Proper nutrition should become a lifestyle, not a short-term diet.
Emphasis should be given to foods rich in fiber, with protein compounds, which help to eliminate edema and gain weight.
The most useful products for varicose veins:
- cherry, cherry;
- fresh herbs; cereals
- lean meat;
- dried fruits;
- fermented dairy products.
Limit your salt intake. It is best to add it not during cooking, but later. It adversely affects blood vessels, leading to surgical intervention.
The effectiveness of non-surgical therapy
When choosing methods for removing varicose veins, one does not want to immediately use radical methods of therapeutic influence. He expects non-surgical methods to deal with the condition.
They have their own advantages:
- are easy to transport;
- without the need for anesthesia;
- recovery is fast;
- high efficiency;
- without complications.
These methods also have disadvantages in eliminating varicose blood vessels, but they are much less in number. As with any disease, it is necessary to consult a doctor in a timely manner, because at an early stage the disease is easier to cure.