Symptoms of varicose veins in the legs

One of the most common diseases that affect the circulatory system is varicose veins. According to official medical statistics, this pathology occurs in almost all people, especially in the older age group. At the same time, most of them start treatment at the stage when the disease moves to an advanced stage.

On the one hand, this is due to the lack of understanding that varicose veins are quite dangerous and can lead to serious complications, on the other hand, the lack of knowledge of the signs of development of this pathology. Is this why the question of what symptoms and how to determine varicose veins is relevant?

What are varicose veins?

Varicose veins are a pathological condition of the veins, which most often manifests itself in the lower extremities. The disease is characterized by the deformation of blood vessels, their swelling. The veins are strongly twisted, there is significant elongation and expansion.

At the same time, varicose "nodules" begin to form, due to which the valve apparatus is disturbed. But in the early stages, venous "spider webs" appear.

photo of varicose veins with varicose veins at different stages

At the same time, many people believe that the main danger of this disease is loss of aesthetics. But, in fact, this is not entirely true, as neglected pathology is the cause of serious circulatory system disorders and, in some cases, leads to loss of mobility. That is why varicose veins of the lower extremities, their symptoms and treatment is one of the most common and requested medical topics.

However, at this time, the theme of the signs of the development of this pathology is relevant, since most patients seek a specialist quite late, simply because they do not know exactly how the disease manifests itself.

This pathology is most often found in women over the age of 30, they are the risk group. However, the disease manifests itself in men and has nearly identical signs that you need to know to prevent the disease from developing.

disease symptoms

The signs of varicose veins are a topic that we must pay attention to, since the diagnosis and complex treatment of the pathology in the early stages allow to avoid serious consequences in the future. Phlebologists include the main symptoms of this disease:

  • manifestation of pain in the lower extremities, the legs begin to "twist", there is a constant feeling of heaviness;
  • regular burning sensation for long enough in the veins;
  • in the morning and evening, significant swelling is seen, while often most of the swelling is in the leg region, but may also "go down" to the foot area;
  • there is an intensive expansion of the veins, the so-called characteristic "mesh" appears. ;
  • in the later stages of the development of this pathology, the affected area acquires a dark coloration, the skin becomes denser, significant seals appear;
  • with advanced varicose veins, trophic ulcers develop.
stages of development of venous insufficiency with varicose veins

To identify the visual symptoms of varicose veins in the legs, photos are presented, from which it is possible to identify the pathology in the early stages and seek help from specialists.

Observation!Released varicose veins can subsequently lead to a complete restriction of mobility.

race stage

The signs of the disease presented above are the main ones, however, there is also a group of rarer symptoms, which, as a rule, appear at later stages and in cases where the disease has already passed to the trophic alterations stage. These symptoms include:

  • increase in the area covered by the deformation, so that the pathology can "descend" into the legs and feet;
  • the skin becomes dry, cracks, peeling occur;
  • the epidermis turns blue;
  • chaotic age spots appear;
  • seals of different density and weight are formed.

Furthermore, if we add these signs together: increased body temperature, chills, tremors in the limbs, feeling of tiredness, then the disease has moved to a new stage, possibly accompanied by an inflammatory process, and it is necessary to consult a specialist as soon as possible. Varicose veins can cause dangerous complications.

How to determine

Since varicose veins are a very common disease, many people wonder how you can still define the disease in practice.

One of the first conditions is to carefully examine your legs for visual changes; many of the symptoms of varicose veins in the legs are shown in the photo of our article.

varicose veins in the legs

By comparing the visual state, you can easily identify this pathology.

However, it should be noted that the obvious visual deformations occur at later stages.

Also, these signs may not appear for a long time if the skin is dense, thick, or excessively hairy.

At present, phlebologists identify several practical recommendations for self-identification of varicose veins:

  • One of the most effective ways to diagnose the condition is to palpate the veins in the lower extremities in a relaxed state. In the presence of this disease, the vessels will have a tortuous shape, have a denser structure.
  • The next way is to observe the condition of the veins in the prone, standing position. As a rule, in the presence of a lying down disease, the "mesh" disappears and becomes invisible. This phenomenon is temporary and, as soon as the person stands up, the veins thicken again and visual deformation appears.
  • One of the main methods of diagnosing the disease is self-observation. As noted earlier, with varicose veins in the morning and at night, severe swelling manifests: ankles, legs, and feet. In addition, varicose veins are characterized by acute pain syndrome, constant feeling of heaviness in the legs, intense and regular cramps. Having noticed these changes in your body, you need to get in touch with an expert.

Important!A guaranteed diagnosis can only be identified by a specialist, based on diagnostic studies. Self-diagnosis and self-medication are harmful to health.


Varicose veins are one of the most common pathologies that affect blood vessels. The disease negatively affects the general state of the organism, and negligence or the total absence of professional treatment can lead to serious complications. At the same time, the disease lends itself well to therapeutic effects, the main thing being to identify the pathology in the early stages.

The symptoms of the disease are quite intense. Timely diagnosis and therapy will help to get rid of the disease completely.