Varicose veins during pregnancy

Pregnancy is a delicate and difficult process that precedes great joy. In addition to unforgettable moments of happiness, when for the first time you hear a small heartbeat, discover the baby's sex or feel its first kicks, pregnancy brings many changes to the body. These changes are not always positive and have at least something pleasant. Between these factors and varicose veins.

Compression stockings for preventing varicose veins during pregnancy

What are varicose veins

Varicose veins are varicose veins that occur due to pathological changes in the walls and valves of blood vessels. Expansion can occur in various parts of the body, but the legs are the most negatively affected. During pregnancy, varicose veins can form due to increased stress and hormonal changes. If you have already been exposed to this disease, pregnancy can make the situation worse.

Today, varicose veins are quite common and young. One in three women suffers from it, and the average age of onset of the disease is 25 years. Varicose veins are hereditary. No, it's not hereditary, but the chance of a child developing a disease increases by 70% if the mother or father has varicose veins.

Causes of Varicose Veins During Pregnancy

Varicose veins during pregnancy can occur for several reasons. Some of them cannot be predicted, while others can be avoided, significantly reducing the risk of varicose veins. To stay ahead of the curve, it's important to know what to fight. We collected the most common causes of the disease:

  • Sedentary lifestyle. Today, even without pregnancy, many engage in sedentary work, which leads to a series of diseases, one of which is varicose veins.
  • An increase in body weight also leads to the development of varicose veins. With a strong weight gain (in addition, fast, which often happens during pregnancy), the load in the veins increases significantly. This leads to an imbalance and disruption of the circulatory system.
  • During pregnancy, increased blood viscosity is added to natural factors. Therefore, it is more difficult for her to pass through the venous channels, which leads to their deformation.
  • "Stars" and capillary networks formed before pregnancy increase the risk of varicose veins during pregnancy.
  • In addition, the onset of the disease is facilitated by depilation with hot wax, high-heeled shoes and long-term exposure to the sun.
  • Obviously, a hereditary factor cannot be excluded, however, by adhering to simple safety rules you can significantly reduce the risk of venous disease.

    Special attention must be paid to safety in the second half of pregnancy. During this period, several hormonal changes occur that increase the risk of the disease. As much as you like, trade in heels for comfortable shoes, wax for gentler hair removal methods, etc.

    Symptoms

    Varicose veins during pregnancy are complicated by the fact that in the early stages they are difficult to identify. Early symptoms can be mistaken for simple fatigue, a natural course of pregnancy. You can be sure you are healthy only in the doctor's office, but there are several signs by which you can initially determine the presence of the disease.

  • In the first phase of the onset of the pathology, it manifests as muscle fatigue when walking and almost imperceptible hammocks in the legs. Women are not always able to track the appearance of these symptoms and link them to a possible illness. After all, who doesn't get tired when walking, even without being pregnant?
  • In the second stage, symptoms are more pronounced. You may notice periodic cramps, pains at night, which in the morning are almost imperceptible or completely absent. All of this overlaps with the symptoms of pain and tiredness in the legs when walking for a long time. At this stage, it pays to stay alert and get in touch with an expert.
  • In the third stage of development of varicose veins, more obvious symptoms appear. That's severe pain, hammocks, cramps at night. Veins expand, which is visually visible. You can easily see the pattern of blue veins on your legs (or other places where the disease is inflamed).
  • The disease cannot be started. This is not only aesthetically unattractive and carries a wide range of uncomfortable symptoms, but it can also cause the development of eczema. It is best to see a doctor at the first symptoms, but even if the disease has started, it is never too late to start treatment. In addition, we'll talk more about the methods of treatment, but we'll say right away that varicose veins ‌ ‌ ‌ during pregnancy are not only curable, but also necessary.

    During pregnancy, the condition develops not only in the legs but also in other parts of the body. A woman is susceptible to inflammation in the area of the lips and rectum. The first reasons can progress to hemorrhoids and other concomitant diseases, even rupture of the veins.

    What is the danger of varicose veins during pregnancy

    Any illness or deviation from the norm is unpleasant, even outside the pregnancy state. When a woman is pregnant, the risk of serious consequences increases and symptoms are more pronounced. This is due to the fact that her body does not have the strength to fight concomitant illnesses, as all her strength is destined to the creation and maintenance of a new life.

    Varicose veins are an unpleasant disease that can have serious consequences for pregnant women. But what exactly is the danger of varicose veins during pregnancy:

  • Due to the special state of the body, the disease can progress much faster, especially if not treated at all.
  • With varicose veins, there is a risk of rupture of the vein and great loss of blood. This may require hospitalization and surgery, which is highly undesirable during pregnancy.
  • The hemorrhoids caused by them bring a lot of discomfort and can be significantly aggravated during the delivery itself. In its later stages, treatment is also carried out promptly.
  • Pregnant women do not need additional pain and discomfort. The disease evolves with associated complications and symptoms. Difficulty walking and pain is severely aggravated. It's very difficult to combine this with the need for long walks outdoors.
  • Varicose veins increase the risk of developing eczema at the site of inflammation. It is also an unpleasant disease that requires separate treatment.
  • Varicose veins during pregnancy can develop in many places. Next, we'll look at the most common problems associated with varicose veins and provide methods of prevention. This will help maintain health and nerves.

    Varicose Legs During Pregnancy

    Lip Varicose During Pregnancy

    A common disease in pregnant women - genital varices during pregnancy affect the outer and inner lips. Every seventh woman in labor, to one degree or another, suffers from an illness. For some, it disappears by itself after giving birth, while others struggle with the consequences for a long time, until surgical intervention.

    To the causes of varicose veins during pregnancy listed by us above, some others are added here. Immediately, we notice that these reasons are not feminine competence, and may arise due to the individual characteristics of the body:

  • The main hormone produced during pregnancy, progesterone, can also cause lip varicose veins during pregnancy. With its excess, the vessel walls lose elasticity, which leads to the development of the disease.
  • Some stages of pregnancy are accompanied by an increase in the volume of blood circulating in the pelvic region. This leads to an increased load on the blood vessel walls and their expansion.
  • From the first days of pregnancy, the baby grows inexorably. With its growth and development, which are certainly large, the pressure on the vessels in the small pelvis also increases. This, in turn, leads to a loss of strength and elasticity in the vessels.
  • If you cannot influence the characteristic causes, then identifying the disease in the early stages is up to you. Pay attention to some of the symptoms that will tell you if you need to see a specialist urgently.

  • Lips increase in size. This increase is often noticeable and the gynecologist notices these changes, but if symptoms occur between doctor visits, it is worth reporting the problem yourself.
  • You can see the veins swell and turn blue.
  • Discomfort and itching can also signal varicose veins.
  • Darkening of the skin in the area.
  • Typical pain during intercourse and urination.
  • Although varicose veins during pregnancy have a chance of disappearing on their own after childbirth, it is better not to take any chances and start treatment in a timely manner (if the disease cannot be prevented).

    Varicose Veins During Pregnancy

    Another common type of varicose vein pathology is varicose veins during pregnancy. The uterus goes through difficult times during pregnancy. The baby puts constant pressure on her, which leads to loss of elasticity in the veins, which causes varicose veins during pregnancy. But how to recognize varicose veins in the uterus? Let's take a look at the main symptoms:

  • Painful pain in the lower abdomen, lower back and sacral region.
  • Increased discharge, possibly with blood impurities.
  • Varicose veins in the uterus during pregnancy are dangerous to the health of a woman in labor. To diagnose it, your doctor may prescribe an ultrasound, perform a laparoscopy, or use other methods of examining the uterine cavity. It is important to consult a specialist in a timely manner and not tolerate even the initial symptoms.

    Pregnant woman

    Prophylaxis

    Prevention of varicose veins in all their manifestations is an important part of responsible pregnancy management. Just a few simple rules will allow you to minimize the possibility of varicose veins. In addition, these tips are useful for the prevention of other diseases, contribute to the correct development of the fetus and facilitate the delivery process.

  • Do moderate physical activity. During pregnancy, sport plays an important role, but it must be measured and measured correctly. Do simple exercises at home or sign up for yoga, stretching, and other sports suitable for pregnant women.
  • Introduce blood thinning foods into your diet. Among them are tomato juice, lemon, seafood. However, stay tuned. These foods can cause allergies in the early stages. Don't consume them too much.
  • Wear exceptionally comfortable shoes. It should not tighten the leg and cause discomfort. The same goes for socks and socks. The second one must be abandoned completely, the first one must be chosen with a freeboard.
  • Try to allow time for swimming and contrasting showers. This will help eliminate the possibility of developing vaginal varicose veins during pregnancy.
  • Monitor your diet. Constipation leads to the formation of hemorrhoids and lip varicose veins, so you should consume plenty of water, fresh vegetables, juices.
  • Try to only sit in a comfortable position and never cross your legs.
  • Buy special clothing, including compression socks.
  • Preventive methods can significantly reduce the risk of varicose veins during pregnancy. However, if you already have the first reasons (not to mention the advanced stages of the disease), preventive methods alone are not enough. It is necessary to act and select a treatment method.

    Pregnancy

    Treatment

    During pregnancy, each disease becomes more complex. Even a simple cold needs a special approach, not to mention varicose veins. It is important that the treatment is safe and that the problem is comprehensively resolved. Often, outside the pregnancy state, specialists prescribe an operation that allows you to solve the problem in one session. However, during pregnancy, this is an extreme measure that doctors practically do not resort to. So, what you do?

  • First, don't self-medicate. One way or another you go to the doctor for a routine exam, don't be too lazy to tell about the problem that has arisen.
  • Second, don't forget the above methods to prevent the disease. Even if the disease has already affected you, adjusting your lifestyle and nutrition can help alleviate symptoms and simplify the treatment process.
  • Get prescribed treatment. Most of the time, doctors prescribe three methods to eliminate varicose veins allowed during pregnancy. They are applied at different stages. Between them:
    • Endovasal laser coagulation. If the expansion has not reached 10 mm, the procedure will allow the removal of all signs, from external to internal, in 40 minutes.
    • Foam sclerotherapy. With an expansion of more than 10 mm, foam sclerotherapy is prescribed. Up to 20 minutes of painless procedure and 98% elimination of swelling, inflammation, nodules and, consequently, pain.
    • Miniphlebectomy. The procedure takes about an hour and allows you to remove extensions from 10 to 18 mm.
  • All these procedures combine several factors, including - painless, absence of anesthesia (local and general) and absence of scarring. In addition, the procedures allow you to immediately start performing normal tasks (no loads that exceed normal for pregnant women).

    These treatments are also used to treat varicose veins after pregnancy. The complex in the first and third trimester may be different. This is due to the peculiarities of the development of the fetus and the effect of various medicinal components on it.

    Swimming is a method of preventing and treating varicose veins during pregnancy.

    Varicose after pregnancy

    Pregnancy can trigger the onset of the disease, but it does not contribute to its treatment. If, during childbirth, the varicose veins surpassed the pregnant woman and it was not possible to solve the problem during pregnancy, it is necessary to take a course of treatment and eliminate the varicose veins after pregnancy.

    It is important that the entire pregnancy is observed by a phlebologist. The doctor will be able to control the situation, prescribe medications and ointments to alleviate the symptoms and prevent the development of the disease.

    The operation after childbirth is also painless and is an effective method of influencing dilated veins. The procedure is completely safe and is a sought after service around the world. It cures varicose veins in the uterus during pregnancy, a pathology that appears on the lips, legs and other parts of the body.

    In addition, the doctor may prescribe ointments, use of special socks, and use of medications. Often, experts select a treatment that allows the mother to feed the baby.

    Varicose Remedies

    Treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy focuses on strengthening the walls of blood vessels and reducing blood viscosity. Thanks to this, the inflammatory processes also pass, the edema is relieved. In the pharmacy you can find many medications and ointments that are effective for the treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy, but they must be used exclusively under the supervision of a specialist, especially during pregnancy.

    So, you are faced with the pathology. Varicose veins appeared during pregnancy and what don't you know? Among the most popular remedies today are:

  • Phlebotonic drug group.
  • Anticoagulants.
  • Angioprotectors.
  • Antioxidants
  • Fibrinolytics.
  • The specialist prescribes pills based on the clinical picture as well as the individual characteristics of the body. As a rule, treatment consists of a combination of several groups of medications, physical activity, swimming and other measures. Only a comprehensive impact will help to effectively overcome perineum and leg disease without harming the baby's health.

    When you take care of yourself during pregnancy, you also take care of your baby. Help yourself get pregnant, remember to go to the doctor and take your medications on time.