What are pelvic varices: causes, symptoms, treatment in women and men

doctors and a patient with pelvic varices

Frequent, irrational pain in the groin and abdomen may be a sign that varicose veins in the small pelvis are developing. The pathology is accompanied by excessive stretching of the venous wall and formation of vascular nodules.

Small pelvic varices are diseases associated with decreased elasticity of the venous wall.

The resulting changes lead to fluid stagnation and deterioration of the blood supply to the pelvic organs. Lack of treatment for the disease leads to serious complications.

Varicose veins in the small pelvis are a modern-day disease.

What is this disease - small pelvic varicose veins?

Venous blood from the pelvis enters the vena cava and is then released to the heart. With varicose veins in the small pelvis, the weakening of the intravascular valves causes a backflow of blood to the lower parts of the vessel. Due to the pathology that arose, the blood flow through the veins weakens, the plasma of the vessels penetrates the surrounding tissues and the lymph flow becomes difficult. Congestion and internal edema aggravate the course of varicose veins.

Why does this occur in women?

Varicose veins in the small pelvis are more common in women than in men. They cause the development of the pathology:

Hormonal Pills as a Cause of Pelvic Varicose
  • taking hormonal contraceptives;
  • lack of regular sex;
  • hypodynamics;
  • heavy physical work;
  • frequent deliveries;
  • complications during childbirth;
  • anorgasmia (a woman cannot have an orgasm);
  • frequent interruption of sexual intercourse;
  • changes in hormone levels caused by physiological processes (menopause, puberty, pregnancy);
  • long-term treatment with hormones;
  • abnormal location of the uterus (bending forward or backward).

Small pelvic varicose veins in women may be a consequence of congenital weakness of the vascular wall and venous valves. But more often, the disease develops due to pregnancy, hormonal disturbances, or sexual problems.

Risks of pregnancy

Pelvic varices during pregnancy cause the combined influence of several factors:

  • changes in hormone levels;
  • compression of the veins during the growth of the fetus into the uterus;
  • an increase in total blood volume due to the formation of placental blood flow.

The combination of the influence of the changes occurred leads to blood stagnation and the appearance of pelvic varicose veins.

Varicose veins in the pelvic region during pregnancy usually develop in girls with a history of predisposition to the disease, often at birth or suffering from obesity.

Appearance Causes in Men

Varicose veins in the small pelvis in men cause:

  • chronic constipation;
  • lifting weights;
  • intense training;
  • irregular sex;
  • hypodynamics;
  • testicular vein valve insufficiency;
  • drink alcohol;
  • Poor nutrition;
  • chronic inflammation of the urogenital area;
  • genetic predisposition.

More often, varicose veins in the pelvic vessels in a man cause a violation of the closure of the testicular vein valves. The pathology is congenital or develops under the influence of negative factors.

intense training as a cause of pelvic varices

Intense exercise can cause varicose veins.


The signs of varicose veins differ in girls and men. First symptoms in women: painful discomfort in the lower abdomen. Pain radiates to the groin, sacrum or lower back.

Also, the girl has:

  • painful menstruation;
  • violation of the cycle;
  • an increase in the amount of menstrual flow.
  • discomfort during intercourse;
  • premenstrual syndromes;
  • difficulty in conceiving.

With overwork, stress or hypothermia, painful crises arise.

Painful feelings during intercourse make girls avoid intimate relationships. Lack of regular sex makes a woman angry.

In men, the signs of the disease are different:

  • pain or burning sensation in the groin and scrotum;
  • erection oppression;
  • discomfort during sex;
  • problems with ejaculation;
  • testicular atrophy.

All these symptoms do not necessarily occur. The reason for the test should be the frequent occurrence of one of the listed symptoms.


medicines for small pelvic varicose veins

Therapeutic measures begin with the elimination of the cause that caused the small pelvic varicose veins (correction of the level of hormones, weight loss).

In addition, symptoms are evaluated and treatment selected taking into account the nature of the condition.

Surgical intervention (bandaging of the enlarged area) is performed with advanced pathologies, when there is no other way to eliminate congestion.

For the treatment of moderate venous dilation, conservative therapy is selected. Conservative treatment for varicose veins in the small pelvis allows for the gradual elimination of symptoms of the disease, making adjustments to daily life.


With pelvic varices, the use of venotonic drugs is becoming the main method of treatment. Acceptance of funds from this group provides:

  • increased elasticity of the venous wall;
  • reduction in groin discomfort and pain;
  • decreased permeability of small vessel walls;
  • antioxidant protection;
  • increased lymphatic drainage;
  • elimination of inflammation from the venous wall.

Venotonics are used to treat varicose veins in the pelvic organs at all stages of the disease. But drugs don't cure, they just stop the progression of the pathology, they reduce the severity of symptoms.

other drugs

To improve blood circulation, reduce pain and prevent the formation of blood clots, in addition to venotonics, drugs from other groups are used in the treatment:

  1. Anticoagulants. Reduces blood viscosity, prevents blood clots from forming in enlarged areas.
  2. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. They help reduce painful abdominal discomfort and eliminate inflammation.
  3. Antioxidants (Vitamins E and A). They increase the elasticity of the veins, protect the vascular wall from the influence of free radicals.

With pronounced stagnation, accompanied by tissue swelling, diuretics are prescribed for one person. Diuretics are given in short courses.

The treatment of women is complemented with the indication of vaginal suppositories with anti-inflammatory action.


Exercises for pelvic varices can stimulate blood circulation and prevent lymph congestion. For the prevention of venous stasis, it is recommended:

  1. Boat. Lying on your back, lift your legs at a 15° angle. At the same time, lift your upper body, trying to touch your knees with your hands. The socks are stretched out. Do it 5 times.
  2. Bicycle. "Pedal" for 1 minute.
  3. Knight. Standing with your feet shoulder-width apart, perform a half squat, remaining in the bottom position for 30 seconds. Relax and do this a few more times.

Although the proposed exercises are simple, before performing the complex ones it is necessary to consult a phlebologist. In some forms of the disease, gymnastics may be contraindicated.

exercises for small pelvis varicose veins

Exercises to improve blood circulation in the pelvis.

What else can you do to improve your condition?

Exercise and medication can improve the condition of the venous vessels. But this is not enough. Consider what else you can do with varicose veins in the small pelvis:

  1. Diet. It is necessary to remove "harmful treats" from the diet (spices, smoked meats, canned food) and add cereals, fruits and vegetables, lean fish and meat to the menu. It is important to limit your salt intake - sodium chloride traps moisture, increasing internal edema.
  2. Compression mesh. Medical underwear is individually selected.
  3. Rejection of bad habits. Nicotine and alcohol have a negative effect on vascular tone.

With varicose veins in the pelvic veins, the use of alternative medicine prescriptions helps a lot. Before using a folk remedy, it is necessary to consult a phlebologist: contraindications are possible.

Because it is dangerous?

woman with pelvic varicose veins

Consider the danger of varicose veins in women and men:

  1. Varicose lesions of Organs genitals. Small pelvic varices in women spread to the uterus, ovarian veins, and lips, and in men, swollen venous connections form in the scrotum and penis.
  2. Dysfunction of the genital area. Sexual disturbances occur, libido decreases, infertility develops. At conception, the pathology interrupts the normal course of pregnancy, increasing the risk of miscarriage.
  3. Psycho-emotional disorders. Frequent abdominal pain and discomfort during sex lead to irritability and irrational mood swings. Neurasthenia may occur.

One of the rare but dangerous complications of pelvic varices is venous thrombosis. When a blood clot breaks, it enters the general bloodstream and can close off the lumen of a smaller vessel. This will cause heart attack, pulmonary embolism or stroke.

Varicose uterus

With the disease, the diameter of the venous vessels changes and varicose ganglia are formed. The resulting pathological processes lead to blood stagnation and rupture of the trophism of the genital organ.

Varicose veins in the uterus are more common during pregnancy. In addition, the reason for the onset of vascular pathology is physical inactivity, sexual dysfunction, hormonal abnormalities, or frequent weight lifting.

Varicose lip augmentation

The appearance of vascular nodules is typical of late pregnancy, when the large uterus puts pressure on the vessels in the small pelvis.

In nulliparous girls, the development of the disease is caused by sedentary lifestyle, constipation, chronic inflammation in the reproductive sphere.


Varicose veins in the small pelvis lead to reproductive disorders, sexual dysfunction, and irrational abdominal pain.

The disease has a chronic course and the resulting disorders cannot be cured.

Taking medication, wearing compression devices and eliminating gymnastics will reduce the severity of symptoms, prevent complications from developing, and restore the joy of intimate contact.

The sooner a person sees a doctor for help, the better the prognosis.