Symptoms and treatment of varicose veins in women

Varicose veins in women's legs are a swelling of the peripheral venous vessels under the skin, which at the same time change appearance, become swollen and twisted. The disease is characterized by the formation of nodules and destruction of the venous valves. Due to the stagnation of blood in the vessels, the pressure increases dramatically and its wall becomes thinner.

Don't self-medicate! Before applying the recommendations, it is necessary to consult a doctor to make a diagnosis and determine the form of treatment!

leg pain with varicose veins

Varicose veins in women's legs are a swelling of the peripheral venous vessels under the skin, which at the same time change appearance, become swollen and twisted.

Causes

The triggering factor in the development of varicose veins in women is an imbalance between collagen and elastin. In this case, the venous walls lose their elasticity, which stretches. Vessel valves cannot support the increasing load, so blood flow goes in the opposite direction.

The reasons for the development of varicose veins in women:

  • unfavorable heredity. The risk of development increases significantly if one of the parents also has varicose veins. Furthermore, the pathology is not hereditary: it occurs with genetically determined weakness of the venous valves;
  • changes in hormonal balance in women. The disease can occur during puberty, during pregnancy and childbirth, during the natural extinction of sexual function;
  • the use of hormonal drugs (mostly uncontrolled). In the course of medical research, it has been proven that the estrogen found in hormonal preparations reduces the amount of collagen produced, which disturbs the venous tone;
  • inflammatory diseases in the pelvic and genital organs of women. They cause damage to small veins. An excessive amount of blood starts flowing to them. The valves don't do the job, so there is reverse blood flow;
  • excessive physical activity at work and at home. Due to the vertical position of the body, a constant increase in pressure is created in the venous vessels. Under static load, intravenous pressure increases;
  • sedentary way of life. Women who work at the computer for a long time and representatives of office professions are at risk;
  • weakened immune defense and resulting infectious pathologies;
  • trauma;
  • constipation, coughing, sneezing;
  • flat foot;
  • wearing tight clothes and high-heeled shoes.
mother and daughter with varicose veins

Symptoms of Varicose Veins in Women

The initial signs of varicose veins:

  • the appearance of a bluish-red "vascular network" in the legs;
  • the appearance of pain and heaviness in the legs (patients feel that the lower extremities are "burning"), especially in the afternoon and evening;
  • numbness of the legs;
  • the appearance of cramps in the lower extremities.

With the development of the disease in women, the following symptoms appear:

  • thickening, darkening, and peeling of the skin on the lower leg;
  • the appearance of spots on the legs;
  • the appearance of muscle pain;
  • the appearance of painful sensations when probing the veins;
  • decreased intensity of discomfort in the supine position;
  • the formation of edema in the ankles and lower legs.

With the defeat of superficial veins in women, the following symptoms occur:

  • redness of the skin area over the varicose vein;
  • sharp pain in the affected area of the vein;
  • an increase in temperature to subfebrile values;
  • soft tissue compaction on palpation.
temperature with varicose veins

With the defeat of the superficial veins in women, the body temperature rises.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis includes the following ways and methods:

  1. Initial examination of the woman. It begins with an assessment of the patient's general health, measuring the pulse rate and examining the characteristics of blood circulation. The doctor draws attention to the possible presence of trophic changes in the skin, muscles, hair and nails. A visual examination and palpation of the lower extremities are performed.
  2. Collecting information about the disease. The doctor analyzes detailed data on the presence of hereditary factors, trauma suffered, use of hormonal drugs, number of pregnancies and their course.
  3. Blood test. Women need to take not only general but also biochemical. The doctor should also prescribe a blood test for hormones. To rule out diabetes mellitus, you need to have a blood test for glycated hemoglobin.
  4. Expanded urinalysis.
  5. Three beam test. It consists in the fact that a slightly raised leg is compressed with a tourniquet near the groin crease, in the knee joint and in the mid-thigh region.
  6. The Pratt test allows you to determine the degree of damage to the vessels that create the communication between the superficial and deep veins. To do this, the inguinal vein is clamped and the leg is wrapped with an elastic bandage (while the woman is lying down). She then needs to get up, after which the bandage is gradually unwound.
  7. Doppler or duplex scan of the veins. In the course of such an examination, the condition of the venous valve and vessel wall is determined. With Doppler, it is important to see the deep veins.
  8. Valsalva Test. It is done with the woman in a horizontal position. The patient needs to breathe air into the tube, which is connected to the manometer, for 15 minutes, until a pressure of 40 mm Hg is obtained. Art. The doctor assesses changes in blood pressure and heart rate.
  9. Phlebography (X-ray of venous vessels). With its help, you can assess the degree of damage to superficial veins in women. This diagnostic method is characterized by the reliability and accuracy of the results obtained.
blood test for varicose veins in legs

To establish a diagnosis, the woman should definitely donate blood for testing.

Stages

The main and most common classification of varicose veins distinguishes 3 stages of the disease (not including the initial one - zero, when women are concerned only with severity, swelling and the appearance of a feeling of heaviness).

The first

This phase is characterized by the appearance of nocturnal edema and leg cramps. Patients often complain of a feeling of distention in the limbs. Some visual disturbances are also visible:

  • change in skin tone (cyanosis);
  • the presence of vascular networks in it;
  • the appearance of convoluted vessels in the legs.

In hot weather, all symptoms of the disease intensify, the spasms become more intense. If the weather gets cold, the manifestations of the pathology, on the contrary, diminish slightly. Sometimes women believe that self-healing occurs, but this is not the case.

The second

The 2nd stage of varicose veins in women is characterized by the following manifestations:

  • a constant feeling of heaviness in the legs;
  • feeling of "full" veins;
  • the appearance of edema not only at night, but at any time of day;
  • reduced pain sensitivity of the skin at the site of venous lesions.

At this stage of the disease in women, the number of varicose veins increases. There are more varicose veins and they cause great discomfort.

varicose veins in the legs

In the second stage of the disease, the number of varicose veins in women increases.

Third

This stage of the disease is characterized by the appearance in women of the following symptoms:

  • pain during movement, long walks and lifting weights. Sometimes walking and other physical activities become almost impossible without the use of an elastic bandage;
  • the appearance of slight swelling in the ankle area as a result of stagnant blood pooling;
  • the occurrence of hematoma, even as a result of a light blow;
  • the appearance of a skin rash. Some women have itching, redness;
  • increased blood pressure;
  • head and neck pain (they are associated with strokes);
  • violations of skin integrity. At this stage, patients develop trophic ulcers.

With an advanced stage of varicose veins in women, phenomena can occur that disturb the normal functioning of the reproductive system, vegetative-vascular pathologies. There is a great risk of developing pulmonary embolism.

Varicose treatment

A disease diagnosed in the early stages is much easier to treat than in cases where the patient has seen a doctor with pronounced changes in the venous vessels.

A phlebologist is involved in treating this disease.

There are several ways to treat female pathology. They will have an effect if applied comprehensively.

see a doctor for varicose veins

A disease diagnosed in the early stages is much easier to treat than in cases where the patient has seen a doctor with pronounced changes in the venous vessels.

medicine

Varicose veins in the legs can be effectively treated with the following medications:

  • ointments that help eliminate pain and increase vascular tone;
  • ointments and gels with heparin. They are especially effective if spider veins appear on the legs;
  • systemic pills. They prevent the development of varicose veins in women, help to eliminate the manifestations of varicose veins. They improve the condition of blood vessels, blood flow and eliminate congestion.

With varicose veins, you must wear compression underwear. The term of its use is determined individually.

Operational

Surgery is indicated for women in advanced cases. The following types of operations are used:

  1. Miniphleboectomy (removal of altered veins). With the help of a special hook, a modified vein is pulled through a microincision or puncture, then sectioned and removed.
  2. Sclerotherapy is the introduction of a preparation with the aid of fine needles into a vessel for its "filling". The sclerosing drug leads to the formation of a plug that blocks blood flow. As a result, the venous walls come together and the vessel is excluded from the general blood flow.
  3. Intravenous surgery (EVLK). In this case a laser is used.
  4. Radio frequency removal. A special radio waveguide using a needle is inserted through a small puncture into the vessel lumen and emits radiofrequency waves, which help to reduce the vein lumen and replace it with connective tissue.
  5. Minimally invasive steam-assisted surgery. Through a thin catheter, steam is injected into the vessel, under its influence the diseased vessel narrows, sticks and disappears.
surgery for varicose veins in the legs

Surgery is indicated for women with advanced cases of varicose veins. This could be miniphleboectomy, sclerotherapy, or radiofrequency ablation.

peoples

At home, compresses are used to normalize venous circulation. All these procedures must be done by the woman daily, applying medication at night. To use compresses:

  • cabbage leaf. It must be washed and scalded with boiling water, greased with vegetable oil;
  • potato porridge. 1 PC. you need to rub it on a fine grater;
  • Kalanchoe alcohol tincture. Grind fresh Kalanchoe leaves into mush, pour in 40% alcohol (100 ml), let steep in a dark place for 1 week, then strain;
  • washing powder. For the procedure, it is necessary to remove 30 g of the product and mix it with 1 teaspoon. Water.

Prophylaxis

Women need to follow these medical recommendations:

  • switch between work and sleep mode to reduce the intensity of orthostatic loads;
  • choose different body positions if necessary to sit for a long time;
  • does not sit cross-legged;
  • women cannot wear items of clothing that cause pinching of the legs, especially in the groin area;
  • do not wear socks with tight, tight elastics;
  • give up on high-heeled shoes;
  • avoid constipation.
Incorrect leg position with varicose veins

Women need to follow this medical advice. For example, phlebologists advise beautiful women not to sit cross-legged to avoid varicose veins.

As a prevention of varicose veins, women are helpful:

  • bicycle tours;
  • swimming;
  • morning exercise;
  • correction of body weight;
  • refusal to use alcoholic beverages and smoking;
  • cold and hot shower;
  • consumption of 1, 5-2 liters of water per day.

Possible complications

Complications of varicose veins in women are:

  • phlebitis (inflammation of the venous walls);
  • thrombophlebitis (presence of blood clots in inflamed veins);
  • thrombosis (obtaining a blood clot into the deep veins);
  • pulmonary artery thromboembolism (blockage occurs, which is fatal);
  • trophic ulcers (skin lesions of the lower extremities);
  • dermatitis is an inflammatory disease characterized by itchiness and redness of the skin.

Varicose veins during pregnancy

During pregnancy, women can often experience changes in the veins. At this point, the amount of blood circulating through these vessels increases. An increase in the amount of progesterone leads to the occurrence of this disease. For the treatment, ointments, gels, tonics are used.

pregnant woman with varicose veins in her legs

During pregnancy, women can often experience changes in the veins. To treat the disease, pregnant women can use ointments, gels, tonics.