The prevention of varicose veins, a complex and dangerous disease in its consequences, must be mandatory, permanent and comprehensive. It is only possible to prevent the onset of the disease when all the useful preventive recommendations become entirely a person's way of life. The conversation about how to avoid varicose veins should be discussed in more detail.
The causes of varicose veins and their symptoms
By knowing the causes of varicose veins, it is possible to take steps to prevent them.
Varicose veins are diseases associated with vascular health problems and impaired venous circulation. The main load in the vertical position of the human body rests on the legs. In this regard, varicose veins are most often manifested in the vessels of the legs, pelvic organs. With an advanced form of the disease, the velocity of blood flow through the vessels decreases and the thrombus formation process begins. A blood clot torn out with blood flow can enter any vital organ in a person, which will lead to death.
Manifestations of varicose veins of the lower extremities can be considered:
- pain and heaviness in the legs;
- outward protrusion of large veins;
- the appearance of a network of spider veins on the surface of the skin;
- nocturnal cramps;
- trophic ulcers, etc.
Varicose veins can have external and internal causes. The following internal factors can significantly increase the load on the venous system and reduce vascular tone:
- poor heredity;
- heart disease;
- pregnancy, etc.
The external reasons that cause the development of pathology in the venous system are:
- lifting weights;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- bad habits;
- prolonged use of hormonal drugs;
- inadequate nutrition, etc.
According to medical statistics, varicose veins in the legs are diagnosed in women much more often than in men. To avoid the dangerous consequences of this disease, it is necessary to prevent varicose veins in advance.
General instructions for the prevention of varicose veins
The main objective of preventive measures to eliminate the causes that contribute to the occurrence of varicose veins is to maintain the good condition of blood vessels.
Phlebologists who deal with this disease never tire of repeating that it is much easier to prevent varicose veins than to cure them.
The main guidelines for the prevention of varicose veins should be considered:
- correct diet;
- sufficient physical activity;
- water procedures;
- massage therapy;
- compliance with doctors' recommendations when carrying out heavy work and lifting large loads;
- rejection of bad habits;
- reasonable alternation of work and rest;
- wearing compression underwear;
- the use of traditional medicine;
- cold wraps;
- medicines and vitamins.
The prevention of varicose veins is especially important for people with a hereditary, natural or occupational predisposition to this disease. It is important to know that ongoing prevention of varicose veins at home must be under the supervision of a phlebologist.
Correct diet, exercise, therapeutic massage
Compliance with proper nutrition plays a big role in preventing and treating varicose veins. A certain set of products will help make the blood vessel walls of the circulatory system strong and elastic and will promote normal blood circulation. The basis of the daily diet should be foods rich in fiber, fruits, vegetables, fish, lean meats. Vitamins E and P have been proven to have a powerful strengthening effect on blood vessel walls.
These vitamins are found in excess in the following products: olive oil, walnuts, rose hips, green tea. Vitamins C and E are responsible for the flexibility and elasticity of the vascular system, which can be obtained by eating germinated grains of wheat and rye, chives, beans, peas. Garlic is considered an amazing medicine for preventing blood clots.
To protect your legs from varicose veins, it is necessary to reduce the use of spicy, smoked and salty foods. With a tendency to this disease, confectionery, soft drinks, strong alcohol are contraindicated.
Sufficient physical activity should become the norm with a predisposition to varicose veins. It is necessary to regularly perform special exercises recommended by a specialist to normalize blood circulation, maintain vascular tone and reduce excess weight. Special importance should be given to exercises in water, normal swimming. It's good to finish the exercise complex with a light massage.
Additional measures in preventing varicose veins
A combination of basic and additional measures to prevent varicose veins has a positive curative effect. Additional measures include cold wraps, hirudotherapy, hardening, etc.
Folk remedies, proven for centuries, help to significantly reduce the risk of the disease. They are based on the use of medicinal plants, honey, apple cider vinegar.
In the early stage of varicose veins, when symptoms of the disease still do not appear, the phlebologist may recommend the use of compression underwear, comfortable shoes, and the use of special creams and oils. Venotonic drugs that strengthen blood vessel walls are often prescribed for oral administration.
Pregnant women are at risk of developing varicose veins. With a rapid increase in the pregnant woman's total weight, there is a great load on the lower extremities and the veins often swell. Timely prevention of varicose veins during pregnancy consists of wearing compression stockings, special tights, shoes and following all specialist recommendations.
With a predisposition to varicose veins, it is necessary to have a planned monitoring of the state of the veins through ultrasound every year.
Thus, a healthy lifestyle, timely preventive measures and strict adherence to all the recommendations of a phlebologist can prevent the appearance of a dangerous varicose disease and save you from serious problems in the future.