Varicose ointment is a good prevention tool and an auxiliary method of treatment in the early stages of the disease. The use of such medical devices has the following purposes:
- Restore correct blood flow.
- It increases the tone of blood vessel walls and improves the functioning of the valve system.
- Prevent complications associated with expansion of venous vessels.
- Reduce the level of swelling and pain in your legs.
Medical treatment of varicose veins should be prescribed by a phlebologist. Given the variety of medications, it is very important to know which medications are applicable at a particular stage of the disease and which ones will be harmful and completely useless. The loss of time, in this case, will lead to the undesirable progression of the varicose veins. Let's take a closer look at the characteristics of the composition and use of ointments and gels in the treatment of veins.
How does varicose vein cream work?
Ointments and creams are based on an anticoagulant - a component that strengthens the venous vessels and helps relieve affected areas. In addition, the preparation contains vitamins (eg vitamins B₁, B₅ and C), which have a strengthening effect on the venous walls and tissue regeneration, as well as substances with vasodilating and analgesic properties. Varicose veins make it difficult for drug substances to penetrate the tissues, therefore, for an effective result, the coagulant concentration must be high enough.
In modern medicine, ointments to treat the veins are not used very often. Having a very dense and greasy base, they are absorbed slower and worse. Its use is associated with some discomfort for the patient (stained clothing, skin viscosity). Thus, the effectiveness of such products is slightly less than that of foot creams and gels.
For whom is treatment with anti-varicose creams suitable?
It is very important not to ignore the onset of the first symptoms of the disease and not delay in seeking qualified help from a phlebologist. Since the use of creams and ointments is only an auxiliary method in the treatment of the different stages of varicose veins, the appointment of appropriate medications can only be made by the doctor after the diagnosis. Using proper varicose vein medications will help prevent blood stagnation in the veins, relieve inflammation, and significantly reduce the chance of relapse.
The drug treatment plan for varicose veins is usually complex and includes the indication of pills and topical medications. The medical method using a cream for varicose veins involves the appointment of venotonic agents, special drugs that improve blood circulation and prevent the formation of blood clots and combined funds.
The use of tonics
Venotonics are medicinal preparations based on plant flavonoids, whose action aims to increase venous tone, improve reflux (blood flow), strengthen blood vessel walls and reduce swelling. In addition, these medications help to combat leg pain after standing for an extended period of time.
It is important to remember that each medication has contraindications for use. The reason could be individual sensitivity to the components of the ointment, other body ailments, pregnancy, and so on.
Heparin ointments and gels
The classic medicine for any stage of varicose veins is heparin gel (the concentration of the medicinal substance is 100 IU/g). The drug's active ingredient has the property of being well absorbed by the blood and reducing its coagulability, preventing platelets from sticking together. Thus, heparin ointment effectively prevents the appearance of blood clots in the superficial veins and helps to resolve existing blockages.
Due to its effective effect on venous vessels, the substance heparin is added to the composition of many anti-varicose drugs. Its main purpose is to normalize blood circulation, relieve the feeling of heaviness, leg pain, swelling and itching. The systematic use of the ointment makes it possible to obtain the first positive results after two weeks.
The use of medicines based on heparin requires medical advice, as this substance can cause allergies or dermatitis.
An example of a combined agent is a gel, which includes heparin, troxerutin and provitamin B₅ (dexpanthenol), which effectively combat edema, increase tone and restore damaged venous areas. To obtain the result, it is recommended to apply it 2 to 3 times a day for 2 to 3 weeks.
Are creams effective?
Gels and creams undoubtedly play an important role in the treatment, but they are not able to completely cure varicose veins. Its main objective is to reduce and relieve painful sensations and symptoms, thinning the blood, toning, strengthening the venous vessels and preventing the formation of blood clots.
These varicose vein medications are most effective early in the development of the disease because they help improve blood flow through gentle massage of the legs. Progressive varicose veins (appearance of spider veins) and the advanced stage of the disease also imply the use of ointments and creams, but they require a lot of attention in the choice of medication, as they can aggravate the problem.
To enhance the effect of gels and creams, the physician may additionally recommend to the patient the use of compression garments, gymnastic exercises and a change in diet.