Varicose veins are the enlargement of the superficial veins, which is accompanied by valve failure and impaired blood flow in the affected vessel. Most of the time, varicose veins affect the veins in the legs - they become bigger, darker and sinuous. In addition to the aesthetic defect, the disease causes pain, heaviness in the legs and swelling and, without treatment, it can cause serious complications.
According to the statisticsvaricose veins are more common in women, but in men the disease is common - at around 32% (for comparison, the number among women is 40%). The statistics undermine the stereotypical opinion that varicose veins are an exclusively female problem.
Symptoms of Varicose Veins in Men
At first, varicose veins develop almost imperceptibly: a small vascular network of blue or purple hue appears on the skin. At the same time, pain and other symptoms, as a rule, still do not bother. They show up later. However, in this case, it is worth visiting a phlebologist and being examined. The development of the disease at an early stage can be delayed with the help of drug therapy and physiotherapy, while surgery is possible at a later stage.
Symptoms of varicose veins can be:
- swelling, enlargement and tortuosity of the veins;
- the appearance of vascular "asterisks";
- itchy skin and/or color change near affected vessels;
- burning sensation in leg muscles;
- leg pain;
- swelling of the legs, especially in the ankle area;
- heaviness in the legs;
- bruises after minor injuries;
- rapid fatigue.
The appearance of several of the symptoms listed may indicate the onset of the disease.
The reasons for the development of varicose veins in men
Varicose development occurs mainly with weakness of the venous walls, valve dysfunction or failure. They play a key role in the normal blood circulation process. Through the veins in the legs, blood moves from the bottom to the top towards the heart, and the valves prevent the blood flowing back through gravity. If they don't do their job, blood flow is disturbed, the load increases, and the vessels dilate. In turn, if the diameter of the vein increases, the valve can no longer close it. This is how varicose veins develop.
The main causes of varicose veins in men are:
- genetic predisposition;
- chronic diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- professional sports;
- hard physical work;
- stay upright throughout the day;
- lack of physical activity;
- irrational nutrition (preference for fatty, fried, smoked foods, etc. );
- bad habits (smoking, drinking alcohol).
Diagnosis of varicose veins in men
To diagnose varicose veins, you need to sign up for a consultation.for a phlebologist- specializes primarily in the treatment of leg veins. During the visit, the doctor will perform an examination, externally assess the degree of swelling in the veins, and perform a Doppler ultrasound. In addition, the doctor will ask you to describe the complaints, talk about lifestyle and the presence of chronic illnesses. Based on this, the specialist will make a preliminary diagnosis.
for diagnosticsvaricose veins and the degree of venous lesions that the phlebologist can prescribe:
- Doppler ultrasound - allows to determine the compaction of the vein walls, the diameter of the veins, the state of the valves and the blood flow;
- phlebography - contrast X-ray examination;
- laboratory blood tests and other hardware tests.
What tests the patient needs, the doctor determines after examining and evaluating the complaints.
Treatment of varicose veins in men
For varicose veins, applymedical and surgical treatment. . . The first is effective in the early stages of the disease. When the veins are severely distended, surgical removal is often necessary. Now these operations are successfully performed using minimally invasive techniques.
Conservative therapy aims to strengthen blood vessel walls, normalize blood circulation, and eliminate painful symptoms. For this, the doctor may prescribe venotonics, anticoagulants in pills, in addition to ointments and elastic stockings. Sometimes this treatment removes the signs of the disease but does not stop its development. In these cases, surgical treatment is recommended.
Depending on the stage of the disease, the presence of complications, and other individual factors, the vascular surgeon may prescribe one of the minimally invasive methods of surgical treatment.
The methods of surgical treatment of varicose veins are:
- Miniphlebectomy.Prescribed for extensive varicose veins, severe disease symptoms, and development of complications. The procedure involves surgical removal of the affected vessels. As a rule, one or more punctures are made in the skin where the veins are removed.
- Microsclerotherapy.They are mainly used for treating spider veins. A drug is injected into your veins, which blocks your lumen. The veins stick together and the external defect disappears immediately.
- Foam sclerotherapy.Used for varicose veins of different stages and location. A foamy sclerosant is injected into the veins, causing them to stick together.
- Endovasal laser coagulation.Used for 2-stage and 3-stage varicose veins. The laser is injected into a vein through a small puncture and with its help sclerotherapy (gluing) of the vein is performed.
In all cases, blood flow through the dilated veins is interrupted and redistributed to other vessels. Varicose veins usually only affect the superficial veins, through which about 10% of the blood passes. When removed, it proceeds to deep veins, which quickly adapt to increased load. Thus, the treatment does not affect the blood supply to the extremities.
varicose vein prevention
To reduce the risk of developing varicose veins, phlebologists recommend:
- maintain an optimal level of physical activity;
- alternating rest, sedentary work with physical activity;
- lift your legs more often, put on a foot seat;
- maintain a normal body weight;
- eat properly;
- refuse from bad habits;
- do not wear tight clothing and uncomfortable shoes.
Do men have varicose veins?
Varicose veins in men happen and quite often. According to statistics, the disease occurs in 32% of men. In youth and middle age, the prevalence of the disease among women is higher, but in the elderly it is the same.
What is the danger of varicose veins in men?
In men, as in women, the disease can cause complications: trophic ulcers, thrombophlebitis, chronic venous insufficiency and others.
How to identify varicose veins in men?
To diagnose varicose veins, you will need to contact a phlebologist. The doctor will do an exam and prescribe studies - Doppler ultrasound and others. You can also identify the condition yourself by detecting swollen, twisted veins.