Varicose veins: causes, symptoms and treatment of the disease

Statistics published on the official website show that varicose veins are observed in half of the world's population. Most patients with this disease do not realize the full extent of its severity. Every second patient is not involved in solving this problem and survives the formation of trophic venous ulcers.

What is varicose veins?

healthy and varicose vein

Varicose veins or varicose veins are swollen veins under the skin, formed mainly on the surface of the muscles of the lower extremities. The veins take on an irregular and tortuous shape and are light or dark blue in color. In parallel, so-called "nodes" (valves) are formed, which interrupt the normal flow of blood to the soft tissues of the limbs. When the valves cut off the blood supply, the pressure in the veins increases.

The high pressure starts to push the blood, thus expanding the walls of the veins and blood vessels. The edges of the damaged veins are pressed against the skin, they become thin and visually visible. Thus, a vascular "web" is formed, visible through the epidermis layer.

Important! If suspicious formations are found, it is urgent to contact a specialist for help. In a neglected state, treatment "at home" will not bring the desired results.

Causes of varicose veins

At the moment, many reasons have been identified that can cause varicose veins, including being overweight, sedentary lifestyle, pregnancy, wearing tights with tights and tights, as well as other garments. These are the main causes of the disease. Varicose veins in men are several times less common than in women.

Varicose veins are seen in patients with abnormal blood circulation in the veins. The main causes of varicose veins:

Cause Consequence
Standing body position Experts have proven that varicose veins arise from excessive pressure on the veins of the lower extremities, which is exerted on them by a body that is in a long position. Illnesses are prone to people who spend a lot of time on their feet (employees in stores, factories, etc. )
human genetic predisposition In 65% of patients, the disease is hereditary. This risk can be avoided if the disease is prevented at an early age.
Fixed lifestyle and characteristics of the profession At the beginning of the 21st century, experts proposed a new term for the disease - "digital varicose veins". This is due to the immobile lifestyle of people who spend more than 50% of their time on the computer.
Endocrine and hormonal disorders This mainly applies to pregnant women. As a rule, during this period there is a hormonal failure, which leads to blood stasis. Also dangerous can be considered puberty and the period after childbirth. It is at these times that varicose veins in the groin and genitals are most often diagnosed in women.
Mechanical obstruction to the circulation of blood through the veins This could be a blood clot, a malignant tumor, and other seals.
Nervous system disorders Nerve disorders and stress can negatively affect veins and blood vessels, reducing the elasticity of their walls.

The causes of varicose veins can be avoided if you monitor your health and take timely preventive measures.

disease symptoms

In order not to "sleep too much" at the time of the beginning of the development of varicose veins in the lower extremities, it is necessary to know and understand the first symptoms of the disease and take the necessary measures in time.

The main symptoms of varicose veins:

  • "Lead legs" (feeling of heaviness in the lower extremities).
  • Burning and pain in the legs.
  • Swelling of the legs at night.
  • Vascular networks.
  • Convulsions and involuntary movements of the limbs.
  • Visual expansion, swelling and darkening of the veins.
  • The appearance of seals, trophic ulcers, dark skin color in the leg region.

Important! If you ignore the main symptoms of the disease and do not seek help from a specialist, then serious complications are possible, which are resolved only by surgical intervention.

Possible complications of varicose veins

Cause Complication
thrombophlebitis In the inflamed areas of the veins, blood clots form, which clog the lumen of the vessels. The blood becomes viscous, hindering venous flow. Basically, the treatment is surgical.
trophic ulcer Advanced form of varicose veins. The complication is formed for a long time, the significant permeability of the vascular wall of the veins increases, white seals appear. A small injury can cause an ulcer to develop.
Phlebothrombosis The formation of a thrombus in the veins, which contributes to partial or complete blockage of the channel. A dangerous disease, as a blocked venous channel impedes blood flow, interrupting the nutrition of cells.
pulmonary embolism Dangerous obstruction of the pulmonary artery. The essence of the complication is that the formed thrombus blocks the arterial bed. The disease is very dangerous and often leads to death.

varicose veins treatment

treatment for varicose veins on legs

The treatment of this common ailment must be taken seriously. The main thing is to notice the start of development in time and provide timely treatment.

Varicose veins are treated with folk remedies and medical measures (surgery) and drugs (ointments, gels).

Popular methods involve the use of various decoctions, compressors, tinctures, homemade herbal ointments and other natural products. Such methods are not treated as preventive actions.

But the main treatment for varicose veins in the lower extremities is surgery.

Types of surgical treatment for varicose veins:

  • sclerotherapy- the treatment method is based on the introduction of a drug into the inflamed veins, which causes their replacement with new vessels. The treatment method is quite well-known, simple, safe and most importantly - it gives a result. Every day the technology of this method is constantly developing, offering patients accelerated and accelerated courses of treatment for varicose veins.
  • pickling- removal of inflamed areas of the veins after an ultrasound. This operation is safe and lasts quite quickly as only the affected areas are removed.
  • Microphlebectomy- elimination of inflamed veins through microscopic punctures in the skin. Of the advantages, a high cosmetic effect can be noted, as the operation does not leave scars.
  • laser coagulation- a complex and expensive method of treating varicose veins, requiring professionalism and experience from the team. At the moment it is one of the most effective treatments for this disease.

To remember! Timely access to a specialist and initiation of treatment will prevent the development of the disease.

varicose veins prevention

varicose veins symptoms

The prevention of varicose veins is a whole system of methods aimed at preventing the occurrence of this disease.

First of all, it is necessary to build the correct regime during working hours and at home. This will reduce the load on the veins and vessels of the lower extremities. If the work involves a permanent sitting position, it is necessary to perform periodic warm-ups and exercises.

Categorically refuse clothes and underwear that strongly squeeze the lower limbs. This also applies to shoes, which must be comfortable. You will have to give up high heels, stilettos, etc.

Spend more time exercising and outdoors. Swimming and cycling significantly improve the functioning of the cardiovascular system.

Be sure to monitor your weight and nutrition. Excess weight, bad habits and poor nutrition are the main enemies of blood vessels.

Periodic contrast baths in the morning and drinking more than 2 liters of pure water a day will help to prevent the appearance of varicose veins.

Alternative methods of treating varicose veins

green tomatoes

green tomatoes for varicose veins

We tie slices of green tomatoes with a bandage in the places of the inflamed veins. This compress is placed at night for six months. This will allow you to relieve pain, swollen veins will be noticeably smaller, and after six months they will disappear completely.

As it takes a long time to treat varicose veins with green tomatoes, be patient. The manipulation must be repeated. To do this, 2-3 minutes after removing the tomatoes, you need to cut a new tomato. It is recommended that such manipulations be carried out 4-5 times in a row for 14 days.

Treating varicose veins in the legs with green tomatoes has proven to be effective, many people notice improvement within a few days. A vegetable is also used in the case of capillary networks. In this case, you can use the recipe suggested above. But there is another option that may be even more convenient. Twist in a meat grinder or chop 2-3 tomatoes in a blender. Now you need a base - a dense film, on which you apply the crushed mass. Wrap the affected area with this compress and secure with an elastic bandage. Otherwise, the treatment regimen is the same as described above.

milk and absinthe

absinthe and milk for varicose veins

The use of absinthe in general should be done with caution. First of all, you must apply it on a small surface of the skin of the legs to check the reaction of the body. Will repeat the steps within 3 days. If there is no negative reaction, continue the full treatment.

The course of treatment should not be long. Approximately 1. 5-2 weeks and then take a 30 day break. after 3-4 courses, therapy can and should be stopped. Material for external use can be purchased at a pharmacy, but it is easy to make infusions and decoctions yourself at home.

Mix the sour milk with the chopped absinthe. We put all this in a pan and let the broth boil. We wait until the broth cools down, spread it on aching legs, fix it with a layer of bandage on top. This compress should be done once a week for 4-5 months. At the same time, it is desirable to eat as many apples of any variety as possible.

nettle treatment

nettle for varicose veins

This treatment method is lengthy but effective and safe. Pour 2 tbsp. spoons of dried nettle pour 250 ml of boiling water, leave for 60 minutes, filter and drink 70-80 ml three times a day. The course of treatment lasts up to six months. Throughout the course, it is necessary to exclude fried fish, meats, smoked foods from the diet and consume as many cooked foods as possible.

The second popular recipe for treating varicose veins is a nettle broom. It is recommended to beat this broom on the legs until it is completely unusable. At the same time, at first, there may be unpleasant sensations, such as tingling and burning, but they will pass in a few hours. The therapeutic effect of nettle treatment will last a long time.

Thanks to this prescription, more than 45% of patients forget their doctors forever. There is a possibility that the operation, which until recently seemed the only possible treatment for this patient, is nothing more than a nightmare.

Compress "Hmelny"

hop cones for varicose veins

A wonderful remedy used against many vascular diseases, including varicose veins. We take 2-3 tbsp. tablespoons of grated hop cones and pour 400 ml of boiling water. We insist 30 minutes and take it orally three times a day before meals. In addition, gauze can be soaked in the solution and applied to the legs.

To prepare a decoction for indoor and outdoor use, you need to take a tablespoon of the cones of this plant, grind them well, pour a glass of boiled water and boil in a water bath for fifteen minutes. After that, the broth is cooled, filtered and taken one glass at a time in the morning, afternoon and evening. It is very important that the ingestion of this decoction is carried out immediately before eating.

Varicose veins are a common and quite serious disease that can lead to death. But an active lifestyle, proper nutrition, disease prevention and periodic follow-up by a specialist will help to avoid an unpleasant illness. Be healthy!